What Causes Teeth Discolouration?

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What Causes Teeth Discolouration?

At Harley Laser Specialists, we often receive enquiries for laser teeth whitening from individuals who are struggling with teeth discolouration. Teeth discolouration is a very common concern of many, as it can lead to a decrease in confidence hence the desire for a brighter, improved smile.

Common Causes of Teeth Discolouration

There are a few common causes of teeth discolouration, such as lifestyle, hygiene routines, and more.

1. Food and Drink

Certain foods contain intense colour pigments called chromogens and can attach to the white outer part of a tooth and cause staining of the teeth (enamel). Foods and drinks such as coffee, tea, red wine and fruits like berries can be particularly responsible for this type of staining.

2. Tobacco Use

Tar and nicotine, two chemicals found in tobacco, create stubborn stains. Tar is naturally dark, and nicotine, when mixed with oxygen, turns into a yellowish, surface-staining substance. With this reaction, the use of tobacco can cause yellow stains on your teeth.

3. Poor Dental Hygiene

Inadequate brushing and flossing to remove plaque and stain-producing substances can cause teeth discolouration. Proper brushing and hygiene routines can help eliminate discolourations caused by plaque and maintain the natural whiteness of your teeth.

4. Age

Over time, the outer enamel layer gets thinner with brushing, allowing the yellowish dentin beneath to show through. Unfortunately, this is part of life and it’s more susceptible to elders.

5. Medications

Certain antihistamines, antipsychotics, and high blood pressure medications can cause teeth discolouration as a side effect. Young children exposed to antibiotics like tetracycline and doxycycline when their teeth are forming may have discolouration of their adult teeth later in life.

6. Trauma

For instance, being hit in the mouth can damage the enamel and cause discolouration due to changes in the enamel’s structure or the dentin’s exposure.

7. Fluoride

Excessive fluoride from environmental sources (naturally high fluoride levels in water) or excessive product use (fluoride applications, rinses, toothpaste, and fluoride supplements taken by mouth) can cause fluorosis (appearance of white spots) or discolouration of teeth. To minimise discolouration through the excessive use of fluoride, be sure to ask professionals and follow the direction of uses of products – it’s not always the more the better!

Laser Teeth Whitening

Laser teeth whitening is a professional teeth whitening method performed by professionals. It involves applying a bleaching agent to the teeth and then using a laser to enhance the agent’s whitening effects. This method is highly effective for treating discolouration, including stubborn stains that do not respond well to over-the-counter whitening products.

At Harley Laser Specialists, we have had many success stories in laser teeth whitening providing immediate results, and often in just one session, making it a quick solution for those seeking teeth discolouration improvements in a short amount of time. It has been proven highly effective and precise, with the ability to control the whitening shades, making it an accurate solution for your teeth.

Contact us if you’d like to find out more about our laser teeth whitening services, you can also book a free consultation here to analyse and determine the best treatment option for your specific needs.

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